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(from another file): I've attached a rough outline of RV for you which I suddenly had the urge to write. Actually I wrote a nearly 1meg-account on this field about two years ago, and one day, the whole thing -- including backup copies -- vanished from my hard drive.  I had spent eight months working on it and I sat down and cried.  After that I kind of gave up.  But the attached text file is yet another attempt, sans the detailed dates and references I had in the first one, to provide some kind of timeline overview on this field for confused people trying to figure it out.

The legitimate, scientific, academic world of "remote viewing" and the internet-dominated, hyped, magic-methods world of "remote viewing" bear very little resemblance to each other at all.  I'm sorry to say that if you are doing academic work related to RV, you will probably have to take everything you know about it from the internet and books and toss it out the door.  Fortunately there is info online available to you.

See the file for this info.

Rant 2 - VERY rough quick page on field development.

As a final note, this succinct (if brutal) overview of the development of RV as it's now known may be of interest to you.

1.  Psychics and scientists working in the science lab wanted a name to call their psychic work that would separate it from the common terms for psi of that time.  They wanted something they could say they were doing that didn't sound like a parlor trick.  They came up with the term "remote viewing."  Not the best choice, since in practice it is certainly not always visual, and it's such a nice term that every psychic promptly grabbed it and started using it for themselves (which defeated the point of making up a new term in the first place).

2.  So, the "definition" of official "remote viewing" depended basically on its being done within scientific controls.  Over the last 25 or so years, a great deal has been learned about this topic, and this has been folded into the modern science.  The combination of controls is called "the remote viewing protocol" -- this in a science context, don't confuse this with what people on the radio use that term for.  The detail protocol of course is unique in each lab's instance, but the major components do not vary.  Some of the items which are most important -- and most obvious -- are listed in Dr. Jessica Utts's 1991 paper referenced above.  These items are also covered in Joseph McMoneagle's book MIND TREK.

3.  Based on what had been learned about psi ability (and who it was found in) thus far in science, a search was done for those thought to have a tendency to talent for psychic ability.  A number of people were tested for this.  Some did exceptionally well.  An Army unit was begun, based on some of these people, and the remote viewing they had done in the lab initially, and intelligence collection using psi abilities -- in a formal setting -- began.  That was in 1978.

4.  In the early 1980's one of the lab psychics, the first fellow whose work had gotten the attention of the CIA for some funding in fact (Ingo Swann), wanted to experiment with developing methods that would help people learn about their own psi abilities what he had learned about his over the years.  He was given permission and funding to do this.  Drawing heavily on work from existing others, particularly French researcher Rene Warcollier from last century, and using some of his own preferences, he eventually "compiled" a set of "training methods" that he taught to two people; he later taught another five or so about half of these methods.  The logic behind his methods and his training approach was sound, and many of the components had been proven over the many years prior to his including them in his own work, but his apporach was lacking one crucial component: it violated remote viewing protocol.  Now there was a reason for this: Ingo Swann believed (and there is data to support this) that "immediate feedback" on each component of the session would help the student learn.

Unfortunately, rather than some of the convoluted ways science could have worked out to arrange this, instead, it became two people at a table in a room, one of which knew the target answer, and the other which was trying to be "psychic."  As mentioned above, there are plenty of physiological senses that provide information to people if another person with the answer is in physical proximity.  And to complicate the issue, Swann in this case was working as "teacher" so he not only was the monitor, who is usually there only to facilitate and learn, but he was the authority figure as well.  What this essentially created was a highly hypnotic situation in which an authority figure provides a target, the student obtains information on that target (and between physical proximity and the feedback, it's more like 20 questions and a lot of subconscious-level hints), and then they both think WOW, that student is psychic. It was a good idea.  It was a rough draft.  It needed experimentation and testing and work.

Mind you, Swann did great at what he said he would do: develop TRAINING methods.  Inasmuch as these methods could be used to help an individual pay attention to themselves, and the different kinds of data they got, it was exactly what he'd said it would be.  However they were not designed to be methods used for "real" remote viewing, unless a piece here or there was helpful to somebody.  You could NOT use that training situation in real remote viewing in fact -- the non-blind monitor violates the most basic tenant of the RV protocol.

5. Meanwhile the military unit was doing well it seemed, at their remote viewing for intelligence purposes, and so it was expected to continue.  Due to politics and other issues, the approach to recruiting people changed dramatically.  For example, rather than extensive searching, personality testing, RV testing, etc., one member of the unit I know was chosen because he had a neat picture hanging on his wall that he had sketched, and two of the people from the unit thought it reminded them of a type of method they used in RV for sketching.  The result is that the individuals recruited to the unit were not exceptionally talented psychically; that was not the criteria for their inclusion, and it was thought -- by some, not all -- that if everybody had some degree of psi ability, perhaps Swann's methods taught to disciplined people would help make them into psychics.  Swann wanted to train some people in his methods, and he was given these individuals to train.

6.  Unfortunately -- and history lives to regret this -- these people were never properly run through the science side of things, they were never fully and initially tested, they were not taught the details of the science and the protocol, the reason for its importance, etc.  The only thing in their mental map was what Ingo Swann had taught them.  To them, "This was how you remote viewed."  That the methods were for training people about themselves, and that the methods were simply the first draft of something experimental, and that they were only for training and the situation one operated in "for real" was supposed to be different -- all that info kind of got lost in the shuffle.  Because McMoneagle, who was the main (he was the ONLY Viewer in the unit for the last two years of his stay) remote viewer in the unit left in 1984, and Swann's trainees entered the unit in 1985-6, there was a pretty major change in the kind of people doing RV and the approach they took to it.

7.  Management was pretty much terrible.  In retrospect some unit members think they were deliberately pitted against each other, and the morale was not exactly high.  This is a terrible thing to do to people doing subtle work that is highly related to psychology. Probably the worst environment you can put them in -- in fact to some degree, everything a manager in such a program could do wrong, they did wrong.  Still some degree of success was had and the new guys using Swann's methods called their practices "remote viewing," because that is what Swann called it.  What got lost in the shuffle is that Swann was from the lab; kind of like having a programmer write a user's manual I guess; as a simple "given," he designed his training methods to be eventually pulled into a proper protocol (where for example the monitor would be fully blind to the target). But since he never even finished training most of the students assigned him, and since they didn't go through the lab for education on that side, they really only had a small piece of the picture to go on.  They worked hard and did well with what they had, but they were really unfairly handicapped by what they didn't have.

8.  To make matters worse, partly because some of the scientists were so bent out of shape about the lack of understanding and proper protocol going on in the unit (the Director of the Research part of the program had some degree of oversight on the unit -- far more than the unit members realized), there developed a personality conflict, where it became "them" vs. "us" -- the guys in white coats, whom some of the new unit members considered ivory tower academics who knew nothing about the "real" world of intell psi, vs. "Ingo's students," who were certain they had the sole method in the world that would make ordinary people like them into amazing psychics.  Now if you study some scientology you will see some correlations in logic with the CRV methods; this whole idea that some 'magic method' could take some ordinary person and make them 'cosmic' being the most obvious part.  Ingo was a scientologist, as was the scientist (Hal Puthoff) who had allowed him to go off and work on his own on this, so personal belief systems may have had something to do with the way this was gone about.

The scientists insisted that they knew from experience that results were far worse without protocol, there was too much error introduced, etc.  The viewers from the unit basically wanted them to go away.  So over time, instead of the way it was designed to work initially -- where people recruited and tested by science would work for intelligence, and ongoing science would be done literally to research the issues or problems they were having, to find answers to what hands-on psi work turned up -- instead, the two areas ended up breaking off most useful communication.  It was reported by more than one person that when the unit was closed and some folks went in there to clean out the office, they found years worth of Federal Express'd science reports -- sent to the unit to help them, to improve them, to provide info on things about psi work that could be useful -- and they had not even been opened.  That's how bad it was, that the people in the unit would not even open, let alone read, legitimate science work done on their behalf, due to personal resentments.  Another result of this is that even people with years of experience in RV in that unit, I've found, are kind of oblivious to many things known to science for a long time.  They were probably told about these findings, which are important to all aspects of psi work, in those reports they never opened.

9.  Unfortunately the scientist's predictions came true.  The performance in the unit was not at all great, and though the unit for some time lived on the reputation developed for it by previous members, after a short time its deterioration was obvious.  This left the unit without much "real" work, and far too much time on everybody's hands.  One unfortunate result of this showed up with a member of the team, one of the fellows who had trained in the first half of the methods with Swann.  He was a project manager who scheduled viewers and put together their info.  He worked as a monitor in many sessions, particularly practice sessions which the viewers needed to do, as it was felt practice, with feedback, would improve their skills, and would contribute to the database profile kept on each viewer that correlated their data with feedback and demonstrated their real accuracy in many different areas.  His name was Ed Dames.

This particular fellow was crazy about aliens and secrets and so spent a good deal of time making up 'practice targets' for viewers that were either bogus or bizarre.  Sometimes it might have been fun but he couldn't seem to keep it in moderation.  Eventually the viewers en masse demanded the commander tell him to stop, as it not only gave them no feedback for their profile, but essentially allowed them to wander around while he jerked their chain, and he would tell people for example, that they had "missed the target," when the target was merely something in his head, and something he only ASSUMED he knew the answer to anyway.  Some of the viewers felt insulted by this, and morale got yet worse.  The effect of doing RV improperly under those conditions is also that one could easily be trained to obey all the subtle physiological/subconscious signals provided by the monitor -- people learn to "cold read" the monitor real well, but learn nothing about psi, and in fact this situation would likely harm their psi work and could take years of real work to get over the handicaps of.

10.  The monitor in question was only in the unit briefly, however. He transferred to another unit, and one of the Viewers (of even shorter duration) ended up following him there.  This unit was a "strategic deception" unit.  While in that unit, the Viewer wrote the monitor a glorious OER for his military records, which the monitor's commander had failed to write for him (usually that's a statement in itself).  This is allowed by Army policy as the Viewer was a Captain at that time.  These two individuals decided that they would form a business for using remote viewing in the public sector, and they would have the intell guys do the work they brought in from the public.  They also decided they would write a book about it.  And this way, Ed's new records of apparent "glory" in the unit could be used to sell his credentials in the field.  Since he was not a Viewer himself, since he had not done this in the unit, since he had no lab work in the subject either, and he had only been in the unit briefly, he essentially had zero qualifications in the subject. So this document was a great help to him.

11.  The primary problem is, this was a black ops classified unit and subject at the time.  Personally I can't understand how these guys thought they could get away with any of this stuff, given all that.  One of them was promptly harrassed into near death, according to his reports; his name is Dave Morehouse and he wrote a book about it called PSYCHIC WARRIOR.  The other, whose idea it was and who seemed to be leading the way with it, never seemed to have any retribution. He spoke publicly and he distributed materials publicly that violated innumerable oaths of secrecy.  Many people from different military branches reported this, but for some reason, the government never chose to prosecute him, even though the violations were so flagrant. Perhaps that's also because his presentation of remote viewing wasn't anywhere near what science would call "real" or "legitimate" anyway, so in a way he was doing a favor for the US Government, who was then (and continues) trying to discredit psi work.

12.  Over a number of years the performance in the unit, as predicted by science long prior, deteriorated to the point of being close to useless.  Unit members will complain that the problem was they brought in "channelers" and other sorts of psychics.  But in fact, in lab studies, all kinds of psychics have done well under proper protocol; the real issue is that the guys in the unit didn't have any decent protocol whatever and refused to heed the advice of the scientists to learn anything about it.  So eventually the performance in the unit was dismal, there was almost no work available, morale was hideous, and one by one even the people seriously interested in it, who'd been involved since the early 80's, left the unit.  One of these was Lyn Buchanan, who also eventually went on to get his name in the public eye by teaching a version of Swann's methods, however this didn't happen until after the program was declassifed in late '95.

13.  Since the program was classified, it was illegal to talk about it publicly.  This simplified life for Ed Dames, who could then talk about it in public and say absolutely anything he wanted without retribution, without question, and without any response from the other people in the program.  Initially it was just some bragging. Eventually it grew, and then built on itself to grow more.  By the time the program was declassified, Dames was to the point of announcing that he had been in charge of the unit, that he had developed advanced training for everybody, that he had singlehandedly invented his own methods which started where Swann's began, etc.  His very brief tenure mostly as a paper pusher and assistant to the Viewers was revised so dramatically it was unrecognizeable.  Articles on Ed Dames and remote viewing began cropping up in UFO magazines and newsletters, especially around the Southwest where he lived at the time.  There was concern by the 'real' people in the field that this would damage RV's credibility, which it had worked hard to obtain.

14.  Ingo Swann wrote an article for FATE magazine in 1993 addressing remote viewers and alien targets and such, pointing out that remote viewing was a process, it was defined by protocol, and one could not simply call themselves a 'remote viewer' and do whatever they wanted, since the legitimate term is attached to a process based on circumstance, and not to people.  You'd think since Dames based his credentials on training with Ingo, this would have gotten attention, but apparently not. None of the other intell members or the real remote viewers could say anything directly to contradict Dames, because it was still classified and they couldn't talk about it.  The chief viewer for the intell and science program, Joseph McMoneagle, published a book in 1993 about remote viewing.  He mentioned anomalous targets, gave a few examples, but pointed out that this is not literally RV and has to be taken with a large grain of salt.  He used the book to describe the basic protocol required for RV.  He had to be mysterious about dates, since he wasn't allowed to reveal that the government was using this, nor that he was part of such a program, but otherwise the book was very straightforward. So essentially two of the biggest names in RV, albeit indirectly, had their say about this "novel" approach Ed had taken publicly with RV.

15.  Perhaps in response to that, or personal insecurity?, Ed Dames who was now in the public eye changed his tactics considerably. Previously he had merely been bragging about his own glorious history, and although he had named private operatives in public, it had only been to 'drop names,' to associate himself with them.  Now he began moving in the opposite direction; to journalists both privately and publicly he began disparaging others from the program whom he felt might try to stake a claim in RV, which would threaten his own.  He had a couple of years to work on this, until near the end of 1995 when the program was finally declassified.

16. In the early 90's, a journalist named Jim Marrs was writing a book about remote viewing.  He planned to "expose" it.  His book was essentially complete, having been aided mostly by the great enthusiasm of Ed Dames, and to a lesser degree but still involved, David Morehouse.  Just prior to publishing, Marrs told me, Dames suddenly insisted, after all that work, and after years of Jim's money and time had been spent on the project, that the book couldn't be published and he would sue if it were.  Jim rewrote the book removing all reference that would identify Ed, as a result.  Ed insisted this still wasn't enough.  Jim decided to publish the book anyway.  When the book went to print, two of the main people at Jim's publisher got immediate job opportunities elsewhere and left, and the book was yanked off the presses and pulped.  The reason allegedly was that they were nervous about Dames's lawsuit, even though the legal dept. had already investigated and finally cleared that.  A week later the tabloids carried the story of the CIA using "psychic spies."  A week after that the story was broken in the major media thanks to a CIA press release.

17.  During this time, a journalist named Jim Schnabel, widely known as a 'skeptic' of most paranormal-type issues, had arranged to begin the study for a documentary on remote viewing and what eventually became a book.  He had personal friends in the CIA and as an amazing coincidence, they agreed to give interviews and he sold his documentary just in time to back up the CIA's press release -- and the CIA's creative version of the subject.  Featured very prominantly in Schnabel's "documentary" was Ed Dames -- there to tell everybody he was the special protege, he was the keeper of the flame, he was -- well, suffice to say, the common response from other intell viewers who saw this was, I was told by a few, the urge to throw up on their TV.

18.  So, the cat was out of the bag.  Thanks to Schnabel's CIA-influenced documentary, Ed Dames was now a hero to everybody in the country who didn't know any better.  His prospects were looking up. Once the subject was declassified, Lyn Buchanan began a web site with information on the subject, and it became known that Joe McMoneagle of the book MIND TREK had actually been the first viewer and one of the key players in that program from its inception until its end.  Journalists have told me Ed Dames would discredit anybody else from the legit RV field whose name was brought up.  To those who knew of McMoneagle's credentials, he would say that Joe was just a "natural psychic" and since he didn't use Ingo's methods (which Joe knows btw, but doesn't use) he wasn't a "real" remote viewer.  This is humorous, since Joe is close to singlehandedly responsible for all the public amazing success stories in remote viewing.  To those who didn't already know Joe's status in the field, Ed pretended (more than once) to have forgotten his name, or to not be sure he'd heard of him.

When David Morehouse published his book, although Ed had publicly bragged about David's skill and his association with him, he then said that David was a lousy viewer and guilty of all the things David said were fabricated to harrass him (and not Ed, for some reason) by the military. He also made up new claims, saying David had been charged with rape -- which was neither a charge nor an inference in even the worst of David's court martial documents.  And with Lyn Buchanan, although Ed had in fact often named Lyn years prior, bragging that Lyn was an excellent instructor and Ed worked with him, Ed began to say that he was a better instructor than Lyn.  Later he said that Lyn was not an instructor, just a viewer. When Buchanan and McMoneagle finally, under pressure from many "behind the scenes" people, dared to say publicly that Ed Dames was not what he was presenting himself to be, Ed went fully on the attack, and repeatedly and very publicly (in major media to millions of people, and via internet) told everybody that Joe and Lyn and Dave had "failed as remote viewers," and so forth.  Eventually Ed and his girlfriend, whom he made vice-president of his little company, were telling people via their internet web page and message boards that Buchanan did only menial cleaning duties and drove Ed's car. This is chutzpa, seeing as how Buchanan had been in the unit for 9 years and Ed for 2.5, and Buchanan had been a viewer and trainer while Ed was relegated to monitor and support work (and Ed didn't have a car -- Buchanan was, among other things, "Property Manager" for the unit, so responsible for the car, computers etc.).  Ed's work had its effect, though: many journalists shunned David Morehouse due to Ed's stories, and Buchanan's business of training people in Swann's methods nearly was extinguished as a result of Ed and his girlfriend's efforts.

19.  Unfortunately, there was Art Bell.  Art is a radio show talk host who is charismatic and has a following of millions.  Art is fascinated with psychic stuff, and with secrets, and with the subject of earth changes and in particular, bad news.  This was right up Ed's alley, seeing as how Ed had been in a secret project doing psychic stuff, and had plenty of tales and predictions about earth changes and impending planetary doom.  Art repeatedly featured Ed on his show.  When some complained that Ed had no credentials to be talking about RV (let alone that nearly everything he said about the process and science were the opposite of fact), Art had one show where he featured Buchanan, Paul Smith [Major, ret.] and McMoneagle.  They were reasonably tactful considering the damage Ed had done RV as well as two of them.  That however was the end of the interest -- they are not nearly as good in the media as Ed is, being very no-nonsense fellows -- and Ed Dames went back to being featured on Art's show.

20.  Ed Dames sold a great deal of personal training in Swann's methods via Art's show.  He also sold a good number of videotapes via Art's show.  Art in fact has been the most gargantuan free billboard (so to speak) that anybody could ever hope for.  Dames showed Art some military records, the same he had online for awhile.  Most of those records came from times he was not even in the unit.  One of the others is boilerplate stuff for an officer's record and looks almost identical to all the other OERs written for the unit at that time.  The final glorious one was written up by Morehouse two years AFTER he'd left the unit, to make up for Ed's own commander not giving him a write up at all.  But Art didn't know any of that, or didn't care.  He saw the records, saw they were indeed military records, and figured that what Ed said must be true.

21.  To ensure this is too confusing for the public to follow, Ed calls Swann's METHODS by the term "protocols."  So when scientists say, these guys aren't following a proper RV protocol, the public is confused, since Ed is always talking about "the protocols" and how important they are. The term protocols, as used by Ed Dames, has nothing whatever to do with the term protocol as used by scientists for remote viewing.  In conversations with many of Ed's students, they were not even aware such a thing EXISTED, let alone what that protocol might be.  The very definition of what makes remote viewing, and they didn't even know about it. (Sigh.)

21.  Which brings us to the present. The public is now widely acquainted with remote viewing, and this is mostly due to Ed Dames and to one of his students named Courtney Brown, who is a beautiful example of all the problems Ed gave him, and then blamed on him when Brown very publicly humiliated himself thanks to these issues.  I've had too many students of Dames and Brown tell me their stories which amount to little more than cult indoctrination into belief systems replete with aliens and planetary doom.

And the public thinks that "remote viewing" means "a set of methods which, if you have enough money, can make you omniscient."  I hate to disappoint everybody, but I have studied this in depth and I can tell you, that doesn't exist.  There are many sets of methods -- Swann's are one -- that are very useful for psi work of various kinds.  They will not make you omniscient.  Scientific studies show that most people have some degree of psi ability.  This level of ability however is usually limited to "gestalt" viewing, meaning, they might be able to sense that something is a manmade building, as opposed to a lake, but they probably won't get too many details beyond simple descriptives.  The number of people with serious talent is estimated to be about 1-2% of the population.  There is nothing you can buy that will make you a god.  The only surprise is that so many people so easily believe this.  It is the innate knowing that we all have SOME psi ability that makes many people so vulnerable to this, I think.  We know there's something there; when someone feeds a story that ties into that knowing, we feel sure they must be right.  For those who believed in RV despite the government's attempt to discredit it, there was Ed to lead the way -- into such a bizarre approach that in the end most intelligent people end up cynics just like they would have had they believed the government take on the subject.  For those who admired the science, Ed's very public student Dr. Courtney Brown took the term "Scientific Remote Viewing" -- as if that were not an existing, if redundant term -- and actually tried to TRADEMARK it, and then publicized that term as part of his work, further bringing discredit, disgrace and disbelief to the subject of remote viewing.

Remote viewing is a term coined to describe a process done in a certain situation.  It describes psychic work done within a proper scientific protocol.  If you do not use that protocol, you are 'being psychic.'  If you do, you are 'remote viewing.'  All remote viewers are psychics.  It is psychic work.  All remote viewers have methods.  Some just develop their own, some blend a combination of things, and some use a single method developed by somebody else.  All remote viewing requires that every single person involved in the session must be totally blind to the detail and nature of the target.  All remote viewing requires that there must be feedback, eventually, to somebody, to compare to the data for accuracy.  There are also lots of little details related to the targeting, the tasking, the judging or analysis of the data, etc.

What passes for remote viewing in much modern media and on much of the internet amounts to a cult.  For ridiculous sums of money some guru will teach you some method that is supposed to make you magical.  The fact that the guru nor any previous students can demonstrate this amazing ability under *controlled conditions* is overlooked.  The fact that every historical example of some person who succeeded with this, is based on someone who tells you to avoid gurus and who contradicts the comments of these gurus, is ignored.  The fact that legitimate credentials in the science of RV are nowhere in existence with these people, and that in fact the most legitimate scientists in RV will probably laugh or groan if you bring up these peoples' names, doesn't seem to be noticed.  The fact that having briefly been in an intell unit doing RV doesn't make one an expert particularly if they didn't even do it, and the fact that the main person in question (Ed Dames) went into a strategic deception unit (steps UP from mere disinformation) and has presented RV publicly without prosecution even when violating oaths and honor and the security of private operatives and the gov't, and presents a version of RV that in most areas is so wrong it's not even the same subject -- nobody cares about this.

Nobody cares what is real, what is legitimate, who is legitimate, or what it might mean for mankind.  The hype, the glory, the fabrications, the doom -- they sell a great show.  Art Bell makes money, fans go "OOoh, AAah!" and Ed Dames sells more tapes.

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